2001 — Bonn Agreement establishes the transitional Government of Afghanistan (GoA).

2002 — Afghanistan Independent Human Rights Commission (AIHRC) created by GoA to propose a national strategy for transitional justice.

2005 — AIHRC produces A Call for Justice, based on interviews with 6,000+ Afghans, which shows a widespread demand for justice.

2005 — The GoA’s Action Plan for Peace, Reconciliation, and Justice in Afghanistan calls for: (1) acknowledgment of the suffering of the Afghan people; (2) ensuring credible and accountable state institutions; (3) truth seeking and documentation; (4) promotion of reconciliation and national unity; and (5) the establishment of effective and reasonable accountability mechanisms.

2008 — Amnesty, National Reconciliation and Stability Law (Amnesty Law) made public, providing amnesty for all involved in the Afghan conflict, including those responsible for the gravest human rights violations, such as war crimes or crimes against humanity.

2009 — The Action Plan expires before achieving any of its goals in a meaningful way.

February 2009 — 20+ Afghan civil society organizations (CSOs), supported by AIHRC, establish the Afghan Transitional Justice Coordination Group (TJCG) to strengthen grassroots initiatives.

General Yarmand

“The truth-seeking process should be led and owned by the Afghans and such institutions must be established among the Afghans.”

General Yarmand, CID Director, Afghanistan Ministry of the Interior